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Understanding Features in Agile Methodology and Scrum: Answering Common Questions and Challenges





As I dove deeper into the Agile methodology and its associated terminologies, I couldn’t help but notice the lingering ambiguity surrounding some of the basics, such as epics, features, and user stories. Every organization has its own approach to capturing user and product requirements and prioritizing them for timely delivery. There’s no one-size-fits-all framework, but when working with SAFe or Scrum, it’s crucial to grasp these fundamental concepts as a mark of respect for the framework.

Whether you’re in product delivery or UX, if you’re using Agile, a clear understanding of these concepts is a bare necessity. And one of the key components of Agile and Scrum is features – the functionalities and capabilities that customers or users require in a product. However, embarking on a journey through the intricacies of Agile methodology, we first encounter the question “ What exactly are they, and how do they differ from user stories?”

Understanding the nuances of features and user stories is crucial in Agile and Scrum frameworks, as it enables teams to prioritize and deliver the right product features at the right time.But what happens when changes need to be made to features during the Agile process? How do teams handle these modifications while maintaining the project’s overall objectives and timelines? These are complex questions that require careful consideration and a thorough understanding of Agile methodologies.

In this blog post, we will explore these questions and more, providing insightful answers and strategies to help you navigate the challenges of working with features in Agile projects. So join us on this journey and discover how to effectively prioritize, break down, and manage features in your Agile process.

What are features in Agile methodology and Scrum?

Features in Agile methodology and Scrum refer to the functionalities or capabilities that customers or users require in a product. They represent the business value that the product should deliver and are used to guide the development process.

In simple features are the product requirements that are required by the user or customer

Prakya uses “Features’ as its central and prime element. To know why, I recommend you to read a blog article on “Why features are central to Prakya”.  

Prakya’s Feature life cycle involves documenting technical details before assigning a Feature to the Program Sprint. This includes the Feature title, description, assigned Epic, priority, component list, and supporting documents. These details help manage the Feature throughout its life cycle.

What is the difference between a feature and a user story in Scrum?

A feature is a high-level description of a product functionality or capability that a customer or user wants. 

A user story is a specific, actionable requirement that describes how a user will interact with the product to achieve a specific goal or objective. 

Features are typically larger in scope and can encompass multiple user stories, while user stories are smaller in scope and focused on a specific user need or goal.

Feature: Product Search
User Story 1: As a shopper, I want to be able to search for products by name, category, and price range so that I can quickly find what I’m looking for.
User Story 2: As a shopper, I want to be able to filter my search results by brand, rating, and availability so that I can narrow down my options.


Feature: Order Tracking
User Story 1: As a customer, I want to receive email notifications with the status of my order so that I can stay informed about the progress of my purchase.
User Story 2: As a customer, I want to be able to view a detailed order history with information about each item, shipping details, and tracking numbers so that I can easily track my purchases.
User Story 3: As a customer, I want to be able to request a return or exchange directly from my order history page so that I can quickly and easily resolve any issues.

How do you ensure that the features being developed align with the overall product vision and strategy?

To ensure that features align with the overall product vision and strategy, 

  • Start by defining a clear product vision and strategy that outlines the goals and objectives for the product.
  • Use this vision and strategy to inform feature prioritization and decision-making.
  • Regularly review and update the product vision and strategy to ensure alignment with changing market and customer needs.

How do you break down features into smaller, more manageable chunks?

Breaking down features into smaller, more manageable chunks involves dividing them into smaller, more specific requirements or user stories that can be completed in a shorter period of time. 

  • One common approach is to use the “INVEST” criteria (Independent, Negotiable, Valuable, Estimable, Small, Testable) to break down features into smaller, more manageable user stories. 
  • Another approach is to use techniques such as story mapping or backlog grooming to identify the key components or sub-features of a larger feature and break them down into smaller, more manageable chunks.

How do you prioritize features in Agile projects?

Prioritizing features in Agile involves 

  • understanding the customer or user needs, 
  • assessing the business value of the features, and 
  • considering the technical feasibility of implementing them. 

One common approach is to use a prioritization matrix that considers factors such as 

  • customer value, business value, technical feasibility, and 
  • risk to prioritize the features. 

Another approach is to use techniques such as 

  • user research, customer feedback, or market analysis 

to determine the priority of features based on their impact on the product and the value they deliver to customers or users.

Prakya practices that to maximize the economic benefit, features must be prioritized and fit into the program increment. Prakya assigns low, medium, or high priority based on the product development flow. The product management team prioritizes features while the product engineering team prioritizes enabler features.

How do you measure the value of a feature and determine whether it is worth developing?

  • Use techniques such as user research, surveys, or customer feedback to understand the value of a feature to customers or users.
  • Consider the impact of the feature on the overall product vision and strategy.
  • Use metrics such as return on investment (ROI) or customer satisfaction to measure the value of a feature.

How do you handle changes to features during an Agile project?

Handling changes to features during an Agile project involves using the Agile principle of embracing change and adapting to new information or requirements as they arise. 

One common approach is to use techniques such as backlog grooming or sprint reviews to review and prioritize changes to features based on their impact on the product and the value they deliver to customers or users. 

Another approach is to use continuous integration and delivery practices to enable rapid feedback and iteration, allowing changes to be implemented and tested quickly. It’s important to communicate changes to the team and stakeholders and adjust plans and priorities as necessary to accommodate them.

How do you handle dependencies between features?

To handle dependencies between features

  • Use the product backlog to capture and manage dependencies between features. 
  • Prioritize features based on their dependencies and ensure that they are delivered in a logical sequence. 
  • Use tools such as dependency maps or network diagrams to visualize dependencies and better manage them.

How do you manage and prioritize technical debt alongside feature development?

To manage technical debt alongside feature development, 

  •  Start by acknowledging the existence of technical debt and the need to address it.
  • Prioritize technical debt alongside feature development based on its impact on the product and the level of risk associated with it.
  • Use tools such as code analysis or automated testing to identify technical debt and prioritize it for resolution.

How do you balance the need for delivering features quickly with maintaining quality and technical excellence?

  • To balance the need for delivering features quickly with maintaining quality and technical excellence, use practices such as 
    • continuous integration, continuous delivery, or test-driven development 
  • To ensure high quality while delivering features quickly. 
    • Prioritize quality and technical excellence alongside feature development. 
    • You can also use metrics such as defect density or technical debt ratio to measure and monitor quality.

How do you handle features that require significant design or architectural work before they can be developed?

  • Start by breaking down the feature into smaller, more manageable components.
  • Use techniques such as design thinking or user-centered design to ensure that the feature meets customer or user needs.
  • Involve architects or technical experts early in the process to ensure that the feature is designed for scalability, maintainability, and performance.


As you start your Agile journey, features will play a crucial role in delivering value to your customers. However, understanding their complexities can be overwhelming. But don’t worry! By exploring common questions and challenges related to features, you can learn the secrets of Agile success. These insights can help you deliver value quickly and efficiently, regardless of your experience level. Let the features guide you towards your Agile dreams, and let this blog post be your trusted map on this exciting adventure.

Ready to take your Agile development to the next level? Let Prakya’s powerful features and streamlined process help you deliver maximum value to your customers quickly and efficiently. Contact us today to learn more and start your journey towards Agile excellence